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Climate & Temperature > Mongolia Climate
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Climate, Average Weather of Mongolia

  • Of the land area, 17.4% has a semi-arid/ steppe climate (BS), 56.3% has a arid/ desert climate (BW), 17% has a continental/ microthermal climate with dry winters(Dw), 9.3% has a alpine/ highland climate (H).
  • Of the population, 25.6% live in a semi-arid/ steppe climate (BS), 32.6% live in a arid/ desert climate (BW), 31.3% live in a continental/ microthermal climate with dry winters(Dw), 10.4% live in a alpine/ highland climate (H).
Location Lat. Long. Alt. m(ft) Climate Biome Av. Temp. Precip.
Rinchinlhymbe51°7'N99°40'E1583 (5194)DwcSubpolar wet tundra-8 (18)263 (10)
Khatgal50°26'N100°9'E1668 (5472)DwcSubpolar wet tundra-5 (23)292 (11)
Ulaangom49°48'N92°5'E939 (3081)BSkBoreal wet forest-3 (26)130 (5)
Baruuhturuun49°39'N94°24'E1232 (4042)DwbBoreal wet forest-5 (24)224 (9)
Muren49°38'N100°10'E1283 (4209)BSkSubpolar wet tundra-1 (30)208 (8)
Tarialan49°34'N102°0'E1235 (4052)DwcBoreal moist forest-1 (31)302 (12)
Dashbalbar49°33'N114°24'E705 (2313)DwcBoreal moist forest0 (31)326 (13)
Khutag49°23'N102°42'E938 (3077)DwbBoreal moist forest-1 (31)337 (13)
Umnugovi49°1'N91°43'E1590 (5217)BSkSubpolar rain tundra-2 (29)129 (5)
Ulgii48°56'N89°56'E1715 (5627)BWkPolar desert0 (32)114 (4)
Baruunkharaa48°55'N106°4'E807 (2648)DwbBoreal dry scrub-1 (30)265 (10)
Bulgan48°48'N103°33'E1208 (3963)DwcBoreal dry scrub-1 (30)278 (11)
Tosontsengel48°44'N98°12'E1723 (5653)DwcSubpolar rain tundra-7 (20)219 (9)
Erdenemandal48°32'N101°23'E1509 (4951)DwcBoreal moist forest-1 (30)297 (12)
Choibalsan48°5'N114°33'E747 (2451)BSkBoreal moist forest1 (33)208 (8)
Khovd48°1'N91°34'E1405 (4610)BWkBoreal wet forest0 (32)123 (5)
Ulan-Bator/ Ulaanbaatar47°55'N106°52'E1729 (5673)BSkBoreal dry scrub-2 (28)216 (9)
Bayan-Ovoo47°47'N112°7'E926 (3038)DwbBoreal moist forest0 (32)283 (11)
Uliastai47°45'N96°51'E1759 (5771)BSkSubpolar rain tundra-2 (28)209 (8)
Khalkhgol47°37'N118°37'E688 (2257)DwbBoreal moist forest-1 (31)281 (11)
Tsetserleg47°27'N101°28'E1691 (5548)DwcSubpolar wet tundra0 (32)313 (12)
Underkhaan47°19'N110°38'E1033 (3389)BSkBoreal moist forest-1 (31)224 (9)
Maanty47°18'N107°29'E1430 (4692)BSkBoreal dry scrub-2 (28)197 (8)
Matad47°10'N115°38'E907 (2976)BSkBoreal dry scrub1 (33)191 (8)
Khujirt46°54'N102°46'E1662 (5453)DwcBoreal moist forest-2 (29)258 (10)
Aayanbulag46°50'N98°5'E2255 (7398)BSkPolar desert-5 (24)110 (4)
Galuut46°42'N100°8'E2126 (6975)DwcSubpolar wet tundra-5 (24)203 (8)
Baruun-Urt46°41'N113°17'E981 (3219)BSkBoreal moist forest0 (33)204 (8)
Choir46°27'N108°13'E1286 (4219)BSkBoreal dry scrub0 (32)177 (7)
Altai46°24'N96°15'E2181 (7156)BSkSubpolar rain tundra-2 (29)176 (7)
Arvaikheer46°16'N102°47'E1813 (5948)BSkBoreal moist forest1 (33)208 (8)
Bayankhongor46°8'N100°41'E1859 (6099)BSkSubpolar wet tundra-1 (31)199 (8)
Baitag46°7'N91°28'E1186 (3891)BWkBoreal wet forest2 (36)72 (3)
Mandalgovi45°46'N106°17'E1393 (4570)BWkBoreal dry scrub1 (34)152 (6)
Bayandelger45°44'N112°22'E1101 (3612)BSkBoreal moist forest1 (35)196 (8)
Saikhan-Ovoo45°27'N103°54'E1316 (4318)BWkBoreal dry scrub2 (35)112 (4)
Sainshand44°54'N110°7'E938 (3077)BWkCool temperate steppe4 (39)111 (4)
Tsogt-Ovoo44°25'N105°19'E1298 (4259)BWkBoreal dry scrub4 (38)99 (4)
Zamiin-Uud43°44'N111°54'E964 (3163)BWkBoreal moist forest4 (38)111 (4)
Dalanzadgad43°35'N104°25'E1465 (4806)BWkBoreal dry scrub4 (40)126 (5)
 Mongolia Average47°30'N103°30'E1357 (4452)BSkBoreal moist forest-1 (31)204 (8)

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