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Climate, Average Weather of Mongolia

  • Of the land area, 17.4% has a semi-arid/ steppe climate (BS), 56.3% has a arid/ desert climate (BW), 17% has a continental/ microthermal climate with dry winters(Dw), 9.3% has a alpine/ highland climate (H).
  • Of the population, 25.6% live in a semi-arid/ steppe climate (BS), 32.6% live in a arid/ desert climate (BW), 31.3% live in a continental/ microthermal climate with dry winters(Dw), 10.4% live in a alpine/ highland climate (H).
Lat Long Alt m(ft) Climate Biome Av Temp Precip
Rinchinlhymbe517'N9940'E1583 (5194)Subpolar wet tundra-8 (18)263 (10)
Khatgal5026'N1009'E1668 (5472)Subpolar wet tundra-5 (23)292 (11)
Ulaangom4948'N925'E939 (3081)Mid-latitude steppeBoreal wet forest-3 (26)130 (5)
Baruuhturuun4939'N9424'E1232 (4042)Humid continentalBoreal wet forest-5 (24)224 (9)
Muren4938'N10010'E1283 (4209)Mid-latitude steppeSubpolar wet tundra-1 (30)208 (8)
Tarialan4934'N1020'E1235 (4052)SubarcticBoreal moist forest-1 (31)302 (12)
Dashbalbar4933'N11424'E705 (2313)SubarcticBoreal moist forest0 (31)326 (13)
Khutag4923'N10242'E938 (3077)Humid continentalBoreal moist forest-1 (31)337 (13)
Umnugovi491'N9143'E1590 (5217)Mid-latitude steppeSubpolar rain tundra-2 (29)129 (5)
Ulgii4856'N8956'E1715 (5627)Mid-latitude desertPolar desert0 (32)114 (4)
Baruunkharaa4855'N1064'E807 (2648)Humid continentalBoreal dry scrub-1 (30)265 (10)
Bulgan4848'N10333'E1208 (3963)SubarcticBoreal dry scrub-1 (30)278 (11)
Tosontsengel4844'N9812'E1723 (5653)Subpolar rain tundra-7 (20)219 (9)
Erdenemandal4832'N10123'E1509 (4951)SubarcticBoreal moist forest-1 (30)297 (12)
Choibalsan485'N11433'E747 (2451)Mid-latitude steppeBoreal moist forest1 (33)208 (8)
Khovd481'N9134'E1405 (4610)Mid-latitude desertBoreal wet forest0 (32)123 (5)
Ulan-Bator/ Ulaanbaatar4755'N10652'E1729 (5673)Mid-latitude steppeBoreal dry scrub-2 (28)216 (9)
Bayan-Ovoo4747'N1127'E926 (3038)Humid continentalBoreal moist forest0 (32)283 (11)
Uliastai4745'N9651'E1759 (5771)Mid-latitude steppeSubpolar rain tundra-2 (28)209 (8)
Khalkhgol4737'N11837'E688 (2257)Humid continentalBoreal moist forest-1 (31)281 (11)
Tsetserleg4727'N10128'E1691 (5548)SubarcticSubpolar wet tundra0 (32)313 (12)
Underkhaan4719'N11038'E1033 (3389)Mid-latitude steppeBoreal moist forest-1 (31)224 (9)
Maanty4718'N10729'E1430 (4692)Mid-latitude steppeBoreal dry scrub-2 (28)197 (8)
Matad4710'N11538'E907 (2976)Mid-latitude steppeBoreal dry scrub1 (33)191 (8)
Khujirt4654'N10246'E1662 (5453)Boreal moist forest-2 (29)258 (10)
Aayanbulag4650'N985'E2255 (7398)Mid-latitude steppePolar desert-5 (24)110 (4)
Galuut4642'N1008'E2126 (6975)Subpolar wet tundra-5 (24)203 (8)
Baruun-Urt4641'N11317'E981 (3219)Mid-latitude steppeBoreal moist forest0 (33)204 (8)
Choir4627'N10813'E1286 (4219)Mid-latitude steppeBoreal dry scrub0 (32)177 (7)
Altai4624'N9615'E2181 (7156)Mid-latitude steppeSubpolar rain tundra-2 (29)176 (7)
Arvaikheer4616'N10247'E1813 (5948)Mid-latitude steppeBoreal moist forest1 (33)208 (8)
Bayankhongor468'N10041'E1859 (6099)Mid-latitude steppeSubpolar wet tundra-1 (31)199 (8)
Baitag467'N9128'E1186 (3891)Mid-latitude desertBoreal wet forest2 (36)72 (3)
Mandalgovi4546'N10617'E1393 (4570)Mid-latitude desertBoreal dry scrub1 (34)152 (6)
Bayandelger4544'N11222'E1101 (3612)Mid-latitude steppeBoreal moist forest1 (35)196 (8)
Saikhan-Ovoo4527'N10354'E1316 (4318)Mid-latitude desertBoreal dry scrub2 (35)112 (4)
Sainshand4454'N1107'E938 (3077)Mid-latitude desertCool temperate steppe4 (39)111 (4)
Tsogt-Ovoo4425'N10519'E1298 (4259)Mid-latitude desertBoreal dry scrub4 (38)99 (4)
Zamiin-Uud4344'N11154'E964 (3163)Mid-latitude desertBoreal moist forest4 (38)111 (4)
Dalanzadgad4335'N10425'E1465 (4806)Mid-latitude desertBoreal dry scrub4 (40)126 (5)
 Mongolia Average4730'N10330'E1357 (4452)Mid-latitude steppeBoreal moist forest-1 (31)204 (8)

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